Modification of a groundwater prospect zone index using remotely sensed data and the analytic network process in the eastern part of Lesvos island, Greece.
- Remote Sensing, groundwater, remote sensing data, MGPI, Analytic Network Process
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Because of climate change and overpopulation, the demand for water is increasing. Groundwater constitutes an alternative renewable source of aquifer, so the spatial distribution of ground water provides important information on its qualitative and quantitative status. This paper develops a methodology for delineating potential ground water zones using remotely sensed data and GIS. The developed methodology was based on the empirical index GPI (MGPI – Modified Groundwater Potential Index) and was applied to the eastern part of Lesvos Island, Greece. To evaluate the criteria used for the result, the Analytic Network Process (ANP) was applied to weight each parameter. The dataset used consists of satellite images derived from Sentinel 2 and Landsat 8, which were combined with vector and raster data, to create the necessary thematic layers. To validate the results, existing ground water zones from the Municipal Water Company of Lesvos were used.