GEOGRAPHICAL AND INDIVIDUAL DETERMINANTS OF RURAL OUTMIGRATION TO A TROPICAL FOREST PROTECTED AREA: THE MAYA BIOSPHERE RESERVE, GUATEMALA
- land use,
- frontier settlement
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Copyright (c) 2022 European Journal of Geography
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Migration necessarily precedes deforestation in tropical agricultural frontiers. Therefore,
identifying individual, household and place characteristics (demographic, political, social,
economic, and ecological) related to this process is crucial for understanding the drivers of
tropical deforestation. This will in turn be useful for developing policies to reduce
deforestation, which cannot be approached only from the destination end since this ignores
the fundamental role played by migrant farmers advancing the agricultural frontier. This
paper uses data from surveys conducted in areas of high out-migration, much to the
agricultural frontier in northern Guatemala. Results suggest that larger family sizes, land
scarcity, soil degradation, poor access to markets, low education, and poverty are linked to
migration to the frontier in Guatemala.