MIGRATION AND DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES: THE CASE OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA
- migration, political changes, forced migration, economic migration, Bosnia and Herzegovina, demographic changes
How to Cite
The focus of this study is an analysis of forced and voluntary migration and their impact on demographic changes in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Bosnia and Herzegovina is a country with a dynamic spatial, economic and demographic development. Until 1992 migration of population in Bosnia were mainly caused by economic factors. However, in the beginning of the 1990s and disintegration of Yugoslavia major political changes resulted in massive forced migration. The 1992-1995 war, including forced migrations, resulted in intensive demographic changes in Bosnia and Herzegovina while the post-war emigration from this country was mostly affected by economic, social and political factors. In this paper one tends to underline the most significant outcome of forced and post-war voluntary migration and to determine a degree of negative demographic trends in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the post-war period.