Vol. 9 No. 2 (2018)
Research Article

The direct and moderating role of geographical factors on the determinants of environmental performan

Published 2018-10-12


  • geographical factors, determinants, environmental performance, construction firms

How to Cite

YUSOF , Nor’Aini, and Ernawati MUSTAFA KAMAL. 2018. “The Direct and Moderating Role of Geographical Factors on the Determinants of Environmental Performan”. European Journal of Geography 9 (2). https://www.eurogeojournal.eu/index.php/egj/article/view/70.


This study investigates the direct and moderating impacts of geographical factors on the environmental performance of construction firms. Environmental performance is measured by compliance to environmental standards and minimisation of pollution, waste, toxic materials and energy. Four geographical operations of construction firms were considered – local, regional, national and international. A questionnaire survey was distributed face-to-face to project team members, and the data were tested using the Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modelling (WarpPLS version 6.0). The results reveal that geographical factors have a direct and significant impact on environmental performance. Also, compatibility factor, quality of project team and client pressure have a higher effect on construction firms’ environmental performance if they broaden their geographical operation to the international market. The study underscores the importance of geographical factors in achieving a higher level of environmental performance among construction firms. Several practical implications were presented at the end of the paper.


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