AN ANALYSIS ON MODERN METHODS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING CENSUSES
- Census methods, Enumeration, Housing, Household, Virtual Census, Traditional Census
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Understanding demographic, socioeconomic and cultural indicators are vital for decision- making especially in governance. Hence, census being the largest producer of such information on people and places, its evaluation and modernisation for error free information generation and timely availability is critical. Across the world, the census methods used are highly dependent on the age of the country, technological advancement and level of human development. Though the traditional method of census was the stepping stone for framing
necessary definitions and nomenclatures of various aspects in census taking, the requirement for data on frequent intervals and upto date is effectively driving the countries towards register based or virtual censuses that could deliver actionable data at desired interval and granularity.
This paper is focused on the census methods and its evaluation through last two centuries across the world with specific focus on Census of India.