Vol. 8 No. 1 (2017)
Research Article

Active sport tourism in Poland: Environmental conditions and motivational aspects


Published 2017-01-01


  • Poland,
  • tourist attractions,
  • motivation

How to Cite

Tomik, Rajmund, Gerard Kosmala, and Agnieszka Ardenska. 2017. “Active Sport Tourism in Poland: Environmental Conditions and Motivational Aspects”. European Journal of Geography 8 (1). https://www.eurogeojournal.eu/index.php/egj/article/view/284.


Active sport tourism has been identified, along with event sport tourism and nostalgia sport
tourism, as a category of sport tourism. Active sport tourists travel to participate in sport –
being physically active is the main purpose of their travels. Each decision regarding a
holiday, weekend or one-day trip is driven by several types of motivation of different
intensity and is related to the choice of a destination with desirable environmental conditions.
The aim of the study was to analyze the influence of the natural geographical environment
variables and motivational forces on the phenomenon of active sport tourism in Poland. The
investigations on motivation to participate in active sport tourism were carried out with
different fractions of the population of tourists. The analysis of the environmental
determinants of active tourism in Poland, such as terrain, climate, air quality and a
hydrographic network allow to conclude that the conditions are conducive to different types
of active tourism, especially hiking (both lowland and mountain) biking, inland waterway
sailing and canoeing. The need to be physically active was the predominant motivation to
participate in active sport tourism while ambition was the least important of all motivational


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